Previously, one of the main arguments against legalizing sports betting was that players and officials would be tempted to rig games. But this began to look controversial after the boom in illegal gambling via online bookmakers. Many sports organizations and law enforcement agencies argue that the best way to combat match — fixing is to bring sports betting out of the shadows. Whatever the risks, the potential tax profit from legalization may be too attractive to miss. By legalizing betting in 2018, the US launched the largest experiment in the history of sports gambling.

Sports betting is legal from Australia to Western Europe. But they thrive even in places where gambling is banned. Information the Swiss company Sportradar AG monitors the markets for fraudulent activity. They estimate the annual volume of bets at 1.5 trillion euros (1.7 trillion dollars). And most of it passes through unregulated markets. In the United States, where a 1992 law banned betting everywhere except in Nevada, annual illegal sports betting is estimated at $ 50-150 billion. However, the situation changed after the us Supreme court overturned the 1992 law, freeing new Jersey from the ban on sports gambling, and other States followed suit. 13 States currently have legal sports betting and this number is growing.

The problem with legal bookmakers is how to attract players who are used to betting on foreign or illegal sites. Worldwide, about 80 percent of sports betting is done through the black market, according to a 2014 report by the International center for sports security. Betting syndicates in Asia, where sports gambling is mostly banned or restricted, have provoked some of the most high-profile cases of match-fixing. Europol, the European Union’s law enforcement Agency, found that one such syndicate rigged the results of 380 football matches between 2011 and 2013.

The Internet has made betting modern. Now players can bet at home or on the road using their smartphone. You can bet on almost any professional sport, and not only on winners and losers, but also on small details: the number of fouls or the winner of the third set in a tennis match. This allows players to earn on their Providence, but also expands the opportunities for bribery.

Match-fixing scandals have stirred up not only football, but also cricket, tennis, and even sumo. A century has passed since eight Chicago white SOx players were banned from baseball for life after the 1919 World series. To counter such threats, sports organizations such as the international Olympic Committee and the NBA have partnered with companies to collect data to track suspicious bets.

The strongest argument in favor of legalization is that sports betting continues regardless of whether the law allows it, so why not regulate and tax it? This gives players greater confidence that they will not be cheated, and brings money to the state budget that is still going into the pockets of illegal bookmakers or even organized crime. Opponents say the benefits don’t justify the social costs of gambling, from gambling addictions to falling into debt. according to research, four out of ten Australians who bet on sports have a gambling problem. Sceptics argue that bookmakers should be subject to the same advertising restrictions as tobacco and alcohol to protect vulnerable young people.

Athletes and scientists also warn of a growing gambling culture around sports, in which the focus is on betting rather than the pleasure or frustration of the sporting events themselves. Fatalists are convinced that betting cholera can no longer be stopped, it turns all matches into match-fixing and poses the same threat to the purity of sports as doping.